STRONG BINDING OF ALKYLGUANIDINIUM IONS BY MOLECULAR TWEEZERS - AN ARTIFICIAL SELECTIVE ARGININE RECEPTOR MOLECULE WITH A BIOMIMETIC RECOGNITION PATTERN

Authors
Citation
T. Schrader, STRONG BINDING OF ALKYLGUANIDINIUM IONS BY MOLECULAR TWEEZERS - AN ARTIFICIAL SELECTIVE ARGININE RECEPTOR MOLECULE WITH A BIOMIMETIC RECOGNITION PATTERN, Chemistry, 3(9), 1997, pp. 1537-1541
Citations number
19
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry
Journal title
Chemistry → ACNP
ISSN journal
0947-6539
Volume
3
Issue
9
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1537 - 1541
Database
ISI
SICI code
0947-6539(1997)3:9<1537:SBOAIB>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Bisphosphonates 2 and 3 represent the first artificial receptor molecu les for alkylguanidinium ions. They bind to the guanidinium moiety by forming a 1:1 chelate complex, stabilized by a planar network of elect rostatic interactions and hydrogen bonds. This hydrogen bonding config uration is identical to the ''arginine fork'' postulated by Frankel as a key element in RNA-protein recognition of the AIDS virus. Our guani dinium-bisphosphonate complexes thus constitute the first synthetic mo del for this important biological interaction and demonstrate that the high binding energy can be a driving force for a conformational chang e in the receptor (induced fit, e.g., in the RNA). Although binding of monosubstituted alkylguanidines is generally strong (K-a approximate to 10 000 in DMSO), molecular tweeter 3 recognizes N- and C-amide-prot ected arginine derivatives especially well (K-a approximate to 300 000 in DMSO), because an additional hydrogen bond is formed between the a mide and the phosphonate. Since 3 does not bind amines effectively, it is highly selective for arginine, even in the presence of lysine or o ther amino acids. For di-, tri-, and tetrasubstituted guanidines the a ssociation constant remains low (K-a less than or equal to 1000 in DMS O) reflecting the increase in the steric bulk of the guest.