COMPLEX-FORMATION OF THE ANTIVIRAL 9-[2-(PHOSPHONOMETHOXY)ETHYL]ADENINE (PMEA) AND OF ITS N1, N3, AND N7 DEAZA DERIVATIVES WITH COPPER(II) IN AQUEOUS-SOLUTION

Citation
Ca. Blindauer et al., COMPLEX-FORMATION OF THE ANTIVIRAL 9-[2-(PHOSPHONOMETHOXY)ETHYL]ADENINE (PMEA) AND OF ITS N1, N3, AND N7 DEAZA DERIVATIVES WITH COPPER(II) IN AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, Chemistry, 3(9), 1997, pp. 1526-1536
Citations number
66
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry
Journal title
Chemistry → ACNP
ISSN journal
0947-6539
Volume
3
Issue
9
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1526 - 1536
Database
ISI
SICI code
0947-6539(1997)3:9<1526:COTA9>2.0.ZU;2-4
Abstract
The stability constants of the 1:1 complexes formed between Cu2+ and t he anions of the N1, N3, and N7 deaza derivatives of 9-[2-(phosphonome thoxy)ethyl]adenine (PA(2-)), Cu(H;PA)(+) and Cu(PA), were determined by potentiometric pH titration in aqueous solution (25 degrees C: I = 0.1 M, NaNO3) and compared with previous results for 9-[2-(phosphonome thoxy)ethyl]adenine (PMEA(2-)) and (phosphonomethoxy)ethane (PME2-). A microconstant scheme reveals that in Cu(H:PA)(+) Cu2+ is coordinated to the nucleobase, H+ being at the phosphonate group. in about 90% of the Cu(H;PMEA)(+) and Cu(H:1-deaza-PMEA)(+) species, but only in about 37% and 12% of the corresponding complexes with H(3-deaza-PMEA)(-) an d H(7-deaza-PMEA)(-), respectively, Straight-line plots of log KCu(R-P O3)(Cu) versus pK(H(R-PO3))(H) for simple phosph(on)ate ligands show t hat all the Cu(PA) complexes, including those with PMEA(2-) and PME2-, are more stable than expected simply from the basicity of the -PO32- group; to some extent five-membered chelates (Cu(PA(cl/O)) involving t he ether oxygen of the -CH2-O-CH2-PO32- chain are formed, and in all c omplexes an additional nucleobase-metal-ion interaction occurs. Based on H-1 NMR line-broadening measurements and structural considerations it is concluded that in Cu(3-deaza-PMEA) the interaction occurs with N 7 whereas in Cu(7-deaza-PMEA), Cu(1-deaza-PMEA), and Cu(PMEA) it occur s with N3. The proof of a metal ion-N3 interaction is important (and a lso of relevance regarding DNA because so far this interaction has rec eived little attention. In all Cu(PA) systems three major isomeric spe cies are in equilibrium; for example, 17(+/-3)% of Cu(PMEA) exists as an isomer with a sole Cu2+-phosphonate coordination, 34(+/-10)% as Cu( PMEA)(cl/O), and in 49(+/-10)% the Cu2+ is bound to the phosphonate gr oup, the ether O, and N3, In contrast, 54(+/-8)% of Cu(5'-AMP) occurs as an isomer with sole Cu2+-phosphate coordination and 46(+/-8)% as a macrochelate involving N7 too.