TRIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)SILANIDES OF THE HEAVIER ALKALI-METALS - A STRUCTURAL STUDY

Authors
Citation
Kw. Klinkhammer, TRIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)SILANIDES OF THE HEAVIER ALKALI-METALS - A STRUCTURAL STUDY, Chemistry, 3(9), 1997, pp. 1418-1431
Citations number
66
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry
Journal title
Chemistry → ACNP
ISSN journal
0947-6539
Volume
3
Issue
9
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1418 - 1431
Database
ISI
SICI code
0947-6539(1997)3:9<1418:TOTHA->2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Transmetalation reactions between bis(hypersilyl)zinc Zn[Si(SiMe3)(3)] (2) and alkali metals have already been established as a Facile route to powders of the solvent-free potassium, rubidium, and cesium derivat ives of tris(trimethylsilyl)silane (hypersilane, (Me3Si)(3)SiH).([1,2] ) By the use of boiling n-heptane as the solvent, the hitherto unknown NaSi(SiMe3)(3) (1) along with the previously synthesized KSi(SiMe3)(3 ) (2) have now been obtained as colorless crystalline materials. Infor mation from NMR and Raman spectra in conjunction with the acute Si-Si- Si angles found in their molecular structures indicate mainly ionic bo nding, This was verified by population analyses of suitable model syst ems. Both hypersilanides([2])consist of cyclic dimers [MSi(SiMe3)(3)]( 2) (1a, M = Na; 2a, M = K) with almost planar M2Si2 rings (Na-Si=299 p m (av); K - SI = 339 pm (av)), which are linked up into coordination p olymers. In a similar manner to the related rubidium and cesium deriva tives, a pentane suspension of the potassium compound afforded a yello w solution on addition of benzene, from which the crystalline, bright yellow tris(benzene) solvate 2.(benzene)(3) (2b) was isolated. Complex 2b consists of monomers containing short K-Si bonds (332-334 pm) and three eta(6)-bonded benzene molecules, No solvate of 1 was obtained un der these conditions. However, on crystallization from pure benzene, c rystals of (1)(2).benzene (1b) were isolated (Na-Si = 302 pm (av)). Be nzene was found to be intercalated between rods of coordination polyme rs of (1)(2). In addition, the influence of pi or sigma donors on the molecular and crystal structures of hypersilylrubidium (3) and cesium (4) was investigated. The structures of the tetrahydrofuran solvate (4 )(2).THF (4c), the biphenylene/pentane complex (4)(2).biphen.(pentane) (0.5) (4b) along with the known toluene solvates (3)(2).toluene (3a) a nd (4)(2).(toluene)(3) (4a)([1a]) are compared. Finally, an example is presented of how the alkali metal hypersilanides could be utilized in preparing extremely bulky stannanide anions.