CRACK-TIP DISLOCATIONS AND THEIR SHIELDING EFFECT IN MGO THIN-CRYSTALS

Citation
K. Higashida et al., CRACK-TIP DISLOCATIONS AND THEIR SHIELDING EFFECT IN MGO THIN-CRYSTALS, Materials science & engineering. A, Structural materials: properties, microstructure and processing, 234, 1997, pp. 537-540
Citations number
8
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Material Science
ISSN journal
0921-5093
Volume
234
Year of publication
1997
Pages
537 - 540
Database
ISI
SICI code
0921-5093(1997)234:<537:CDATSE>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Crack tip shielding by dislocations has been studied using the method of 3-dimensional stress analyses in connection with dislocation struct ures observed by HVEM in MgO thin crystals. A screw dislocation array corresponding to the plastic zone of 45 degrees-shear-type is commonly observed along the [100] direction ahead of the (010) crack in (001) thin plate crystals. The 3-dimensional stress analyses show that the m ain component of local stress intensity factor induced by the crack ti p dislocations corresponds to mode I while mode II and III components are negligible in spite that they are screw dislocations. The mode I c omponent induced is negative, which implies that the dislocations obse rved are of shielding type so as to accommodate the tensile stress con centration near the crack tip. The value of fracture toughness of MgO crystals is also discussed based on the stress analyses. (C) 1997 Else vier Science S.A.