FEMTOSECOND SOLITON PULSES IN BIREFRINGENT OPTICAL FIBERS

Authors
Citation
Yj. Chen et J. Atai, FEMTOSECOND SOLITON PULSES IN BIREFRINGENT OPTICAL FIBERS, Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical physics, 14(9), 1997, pp. 2365-2372
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Optics
ISSN journal
0740-3224
Volume
14
Issue
9
Year of publication
1997
Pages
2365 - 2372
Database
ISI
SICI code
0740-3224(1997)14:9<2365:FSPIBO>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
We consider femtosecond soliton-pulse propagation in a birefringent op tical fiber where rapidly oscillating terms, the difference in polariz ation dispersions, and the difference in group velocities of the two p olarization components have to be taken into account. We demonstrate t he existence of a novel class of linearly polarized soliton states (wi th the linear polarization ranging from 0 to 2 pi). We also find the e lliptically polarized soliton states, which do not appear to be accept able to the coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations describing the pul se evolution in the birefringent fiber when the different dispersions between the two polarizations are ignored and the group-velocity diffe rence is taken into account. More importantly, the corresponding stabi lity analysis reveals that within certain operating regions the fast s oliton can be stable and the slow soliton can be unstable, whereas in the others the fast soliton is unstable and the slow soliton is stable , in contrast to those reported earlier by neglecting different polari zation dispersions. On the other hand, both the linearly polarized sol iton states and the elliptically polarized soliton states are found to be unstable. This indicates that for high-capacity coherent soliton c ommunication in the femtosecond regime, the pulse must be launched alo ng either the slow or the fast axis of a practical polarization-mainta ining fiber. Finally, the potential applications of weakly unstable li nearly polarized soliton states for ultrafast soliton switching are di scussed. (C) 1997 Optical Society of America.