COMMUNITY-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN THE PHILIPPINES - A STRUCTURAL-ANALYSIS

Citation
Ds. Degraff et al., COMMUNITY-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN THE PHILIPPINES - A STRUCTURAL-ANALYSIS, Demography, 34(3), 1997, pp. 385-398
Citations number
75
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Demografy
Journal title
ISSN journal
0070-3370
Volume
34
Issue
3
Year of publication
1997
Pages
385 - 398
Database
ISI
SICI code
0070-3370(1997)34:3<385:CDOCUI>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
We use household and community data from the Philippines to estimate a multilevel model of contraceptive use. We go beyond previous efforts in this field by developing a structural model that recognizes joint e ndogeneity and the temporal ordering of variables, by considering a wi der range of community influences on fertility behavior and by employi ng an econometric procedure allowing for a multilevel error structure. The results suggest that there are significant effects on fertility b ehavior of community-level family planning services, labor-market cond itions, and infrastructure development. These results provide insights regarding the structural determinants of contraceptive use and fertil ity that are useful for drawing policy implications.