KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF THE REACTIONS OF AMINE-BORANES WITH CARBENIUM IONS

Authors
Citation
Ma. Funke et H. Mayr, KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF THE REACTIONS OF AMINE-BORANES WITH CARBENIUM IONS, Chemistry, 3(8), 1997, pp. 1214-1222
Citations number
50
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry
Journal title
Chemistry → ACNP
ISSN journal
0947-6539
Volume
3
Issue
8
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1214 - 1222
Database
ISI
SICI code
0947-6539(1997)3:8<1214:KAMOTR>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
The kinetics of the reactions of trialkylamine boranes and pyridine bo ranes with benzhydryl cations have been determined photometrically. Se cond-order rate laws are obeyed, first-order with respect ro amine bor ane concentration and first-order with respect to carbocation concentr ation. As for other reactions of carbocations with neutral nucleophile s, the rates of these reactions are only slightly affected by solvent polarity. The structure-reactivity relationships and kinetic isotope e ffects are in accord with a polar mechanism proceeding through a trans ition state where the migrating hydride is partly bound to the enterin g carbon and to the leaving boron atom. The rate constants correlate l inearly with the electrophilicity parameters E of the carbenium ions. It is therefore possible to use the linear free enthalpy relationship logk(2) = s(E + N) for determining nucleophilicity parameters N for th e amine boranes and to compare their hydride-donating abilities with t hose of other non-charged hydride donors (silanes, germanes, stannanes , and dihydropyridines).