Effects of surface orientation of alumina supports on the catalytic functionality of molybdenum sulfide catalysts

Citation
Y. Sakashita et al., Effects of surface orientation of alumina supports on the catalytic functionality of molybdenum sulfide catalysts, APP CATAL A, 215(1-2), 2001, pp. 101-110
Citations number
22
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics","Chemical Engineering
Journal title
APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
ISSN journal
0926-860X → ACNP
Volume
215
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
101 - 110
Database
ISI
SICI code
0926-860X(20010713)215:1-2<101:EOSOOA>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Two kinds of gamma -Al2O3 powders with different surface orientation ratios were used as supports of MoS2 catalysts. After Mo was loaded on the gamma -Al2O3 catalyst, we characterized the microstructures of the catalysts by u sing transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and then evaluated the catalyti c functionality, such as hydrogenation (HYD) and hydrodesulfurization (HDS) , by using model test reactions. Our results showed that relatively large ( 3-5 nm) basal-bonding MoS2 clusters with single layers were formed on the p late-like (PL) alumina, whose surface orientation was mainly {1 1 0} planes . The PL alumina-supported catalyst exhibited HYD-oriented functionality. S tacked basal-bonding or highly dispersed MoS2 clusters were formed on the s pherical (SP) alumina, whose surface orientation was mainly {1 1 1} and {1 0 0} planes. Compared to the PL alumina-supported catalyst, the SP alumina- supported catalyst exhibited higher HYD and HDS activities and higher HDS-o riented functionality. Our results on the effects of surface orientation of alumina supports on the microstructure of MoS2 clusters obtained for alumi na powders were consistent with those previously obtained for alumina singl e crystal thin films. This consistency indicates that our results obtained by using model catalysts can be applied to the designing of industrial cata lysts. Our results also show that the catalytic activity and selectivity of MoS2 catalysts depended on the microstructures of MoS2 clusters that were affected by the surface orientation of gamma -Al2O3.Thus, the surface prope rties of gamma -Al2O3 support are important factors in controlling the cata lytic functionality of MoS2-based catalysts. Our results indicate that the microstructure of MoS2 clusters can be controlled by tailoring the surface orientation of alumina supports. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.