Properties of PACE-I HgCdTe detectors in space: the NICMOS warm-up monitoring program

Citation
T. Boker et al., Properties of PACE-I HgCdTe detectors in space: the NICMOS warm-up monitoring program, PUB AST S P, 113(785), 2001, pp. 859-871
Citations number
12
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Space Sciences
Journal title
PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF THE PACIFIC
ISSN journal
0004-6280 → ACNP
Volume
113
Issue
785
Year of publication
2001
Pages
859 - 871
Database
ISI
SICI code
0004-6280(200107)113:785<859:POPHDI>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
We summarize the results of a monitoring program which was executed followi ng the cryogen exhaustion of the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spec trometer (NICMOS) on board the Hubble Space Telescope. During the subsequen t warm-up, detector parameters such as detective quantum efficiency, dark c urrent, bias offsets, and saturation levels have been measured over the tem perature range 62 K to about 100 K. The measurements provide a unique datab ase of the characteristics of PACE-I HgCdTe detector arrays in the space en vironment. A surprising result of the analysis is the fact that all three N ICMOS detectors showed an enhanced dark current in the temperature range be tween 77 and 85 K. However, a subsequent laboratory experiment designed to replicate the on-orbit warm-up did not reproduce the anomaly, despite the f act that it employed a flight-spare detector of the same pedigree. The mech anism behind the on-orbit dark current anomaly is therefore believed to be unique to the space environment. We discuss possible explanations for these unexpected observational results, as well as their implications for future NICMOS operations.