Legal standards, expertise, and experts in the resolution of contested child custody cases

Citation
Da. Krauss et Bd. Sales, Legal standards, expertise, and experts in the resolution of contested child custody cases, PSYCH PUB L, 6(4), 2000, pp. 843-879
Citations number
77
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
6
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
843 - 879
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200012)6:4<843:LSEAEI>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
The authors critically evaluate the roles of forensic practitioners and psy chological researchers in determinations of the best-interest-of-the-child standard (BICS) in child custody disputes. The authors examine (a) the exis ting empirical research on the adjustment of children of divorce, (b) the c urrent forensic practice of mental health practitioners, (c) the standardiz ed forensic assessment instruments available, and (d) the ethical dilemmas faced by mental health practitioners who work in this area. On the basis of their analysis, the authors argue that current evidence does not support m ost of the "expert testimony" proffered by mental health practitioners to t he court. As a consequence, they posit that the BICS does not reflect eithe r the needs of the legal system or the expertise of the psychological profe ssion, and that the least detrimental alternative to the child standard mor e accurately meets the needs of both fields.