War tourisms: 'Englishness,' art and the First World War

Authors
Citation
S. Malvern, War tourisms: 'Englishness,' art and the First World War, OX ART J, 24(1), 2001, pp. 45-66
Citations number
61
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Arts & Architecture
Journal title
OXFORD ART JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0142-6540 → ACNP
Volume
24
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
45 - 66
Database
ISI
SICI code
0142-6540(2001)24:1<45:WT'AAT>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
This article analyses how constructions of Englishness and landscape in the First World War and after were marked by a series of double displacements. British official war artists' work was published as propaganda. In books s uch as The Western Front, northern France was judged against an 'Englishnes s' itself being renegotiated through its encounter with an imagined German stereotype. After the war, a market for tours organized to be the 'Silent C ities' of British war cemeteries on the actual battlefields developed while artists began anxiously to tour the English landscape search for a lost co mpleteness and identity as a poetic counterpart to a missing generation kil led in the war. The land is often imagined as feminine in images of repleni shment, nurture, and fertility, but I argue here that during and after the Great War, through ritualized encounters of war and peace, home and abroad, a complex gendering of 'Englishness' was worked out in landscapes, imagine d both as female and male, and sometimes understood as literally composed o f bodies.