EELS analysis of electrochemically deintercalated Li1-xMn2O4 and substituted spinels LiMn1.6M0.4O4 (M = Co, Cr, Ni)

Citation
Y. Shiraishi et al., EELS analysis of electrochemically deintercalated Li1-xMn2O4 and substituted spinels LiMn1.6M0.4O4 (M = Co, Cr, Ni), J POWER SOU, 97-8, 2001, pp. 461-464
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics","Environmental Engineering & Energy
Journal title
JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
ISSN journal
0378-7753 → ACNP
Volume
97-8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
461 - 464
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-7753(200107)97-8:<461:EAOEDL>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
Spinel lithium manganese oxides LiMn1.6M0.4O4 (M = Mn, Co, Cr, Ni) for the cathode materials of the lithium ion secondary batteries were studied by el ectron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The ELNES spectra at Mn L- and O K- edge of the extracted Lithium or substituted to Mn 16d site with third cati ons were successfully obtained. Electrochemically deintercalated Li1-xMn2O4 showed a chemical shift of both Mn L- and O K-edges to the higher energy s ide compared with those of the stoichiometric LiMn2O4 indicating oxidation of Mn and O due to the electrochemical deintercalation of Li. Substitution of M for Mn (M = Co, Cr, Ni) also caused a similar spectral shift of Mn L- and O K-edges. These shifts suggest lowering of the energy levels of the in ner atomic orbitals compared with that of LiMn2O4. (C) 2001 Elsevier Scienc e B.V. All rights reserved.