Relation between goal orientation in peer relationships and depression among preadolescents

Citation
Y. Kuroda et S. Sakurai, Relation between goal orientation in peer relationships and depression among preadolescents, JPN J EDU P, 49(2), 2001, pp. 129-136
Citations number
7
Language
GIAPPONESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0021-5015 → ACNP
Volume
49
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
129 - 136
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-5015(200106)49:2<129:RBGOIP>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
In the present investigation of the relation between depression and goal or ientation in peer relationships among seventh and eighth graders, 3 kinds o f goal orientations were examined : interpersonal experience/growth (the go al of developing oneself bq acquiring interpersonal experiences), performan ce-approach (the goal of obtaining positive personality evaluations in peer relationships) and performance-avoidance (the goal of avoiding negative pe rsonality evaluations in peer relationships). In study 1, a new scale of go al orientation in peer relationships was shown to have sufficient reliabili ty and validity. In study 2, the relation between depression and goal orien tation was examined by means of a multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that the interpersonal experience/growth goal is negatively relat ed with depression, while the performance-avoidance goal is positively rela ted, supporting Dweck & Leggett's (1988) model. However, in contrast to the ir model, the performance-approach goal was negatively related to depressio n. The results also suggest that the negative relation between depression a nd performance-approach goal is stronger for seventh graders than for eight h graders.