Nosocomial spread of viral disease

Citation
C. Aitken et Dj. Jeffries, Nosocomial spread of viral disease, CLIN MICROB, 14(3), 2001, pp. 528
Citations number
172
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY REVIEWS
ISSN journal
0893-8512 → ACNP
Volume
14
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Database
ISI
SICI code
0893-8512(200107)14:3<528:NSOVD>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
Viruses are important causes of nosocomial infection, but the fact that hos pital outbreaks often result from introduction(s) from community-bared epid emics, together with the need to initiate specific laboratory testing means that there are usually insufficient data to allow the monitoring of trends in incidences. The most important defenses against nosocomial transmission of viruses are detailed and continuing education of staff and strict adher ence to infection control policies. Protocols mast be available to assist i n the management of patients with suspected ol confirmed viral infection in the health care setting m this review, we present details on general measu res to prevent the spread of viral infection in hospitals and other health care environments. These include principles of accommodation of infected pa tients and approaches to good hygiene and patient management. They provide detail on individual viral diseases accompanied in each case with specific information on control of the infection and, where appropriate, details of preventive and therapeutic measures. The important areas of nosocomial infe ction due to blood-borne viruses have been extensively reviewed previously and ar-e summarized here briefly, with citation of selected review articles . Human prion diseases, which present management problems very different fr om those of viral infection, are not included.