Membrane lipid components associated with increased filterability of erythrocytes from long-distance runners

Citation
T. Nakano et al., Membrane lipid components associated with increased filterability of erythrocytes from long-distance runners, CL HEMORH M, 24(2), 2001, pp. 85-92
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
CLINICAL HEMORHEOLOGY AND MICROCIRCULATION
ISSN journal
1386-0291 → ACNP
Volume
24
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
85 - 92
Database
ISI
SICI code
1386-0291(2001)24:2<85:MLCAWI>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Deformability of red blood cells and the lipid composition of their plasma membranes were studied in ten long-distance runners, in comparison with ten sedentary matched controls. Mean corpuscular volume and corpuscular hemogl obin concentration did not differ between these groups, while the hemoglobi n concentration and hematocrit were lower in the former. Deformability was measured in terms of the erythrocyte suspension filterability through 5 mum microchannels, using an array flow analyzer, and was significantly elevate d in athletes. Analysis of the membrane phospholipid composition of red blo od cells revealed an increased ratio of phosphatidylcholine to phosphatidyl ethanolamine and a decreased ratio of cholesterol to total phospholipids in athletes. The length and saturation levels of fatty acid acyl chains were unchanged. Multiple regression analysis showed clearly that these alteratio ns of membrane lipids correlate with increased deformability and thus favor circulation in the microvasculature in long-distance runners.