6-hydroxydopamine-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activation in PC12 cells

Citation
D. Blum et al., 6-hydroxydopamine-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activation in PC12 cells, BIOCH PHARM, 62(4), 2001, pp. 473-481
Citations number
58
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN journal
0006-2952 → ACNP
Volume
62
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
473 - 481
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-2952(20010815)62:4<473:6NFAIP>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
The involvement of nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factor i n PC12 cell death triggered by the dopaminergic neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamin e (6-OHDA) was investigated. Results show that oxidative stress generated b y 6-OHDA activates NF-kappaB. When the NF-kappaB activation was inhibited b y parthenolide, PC12 cell death induced by 6-OHDA was significantly increas ed, thus suggesting an involvement of this transcription factor in a protec tive mechanism against 6-OHDA toxicity. To further assess this hypothesis, we studied the involvement of NF-kappaB in the protective effect of two ant i-apoptotic genes, bcl-2 and bfl-1. Although Bcl-2 and Bfl-1 expression nor mally protects PC12 cells from 6-OHDA, parthenolide strongly decreased the beneficial effects afforded by transgene expression. These results suggest: (1) that the transcription factor NF-kappaB is likely associated with the protection of catecholaminergic PC12 cells and (2) that the protective effe cts afforded by bcl-2 and bfl-1 expression may be dependent on NF-kappaB ac tivation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.