Evaluation of youth preferences for rapid and innovative human immunodeficiency virus antibody tests

Citation
L. Peralta et al., Evaluation of youth preferences for rapid and innovative human immunodeficiency virus antibody tests, ARCH PED AD, 155(7), 2001, pp. 838-843
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics,"Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF PEDIATRICS & ADOLESCENT MEDICINE
ISSN journal
1072-4710 → ACNP
Volume
155
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Pages
838 - 843
Database
ISI
SICI code
1072-4710(200107)155:7<838:EOYPFR>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Objective: To determine youth preferences for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved and investigational human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antib ody collection and testing methods before and after subjects learned of tes t result response times; to determine how influential test result response times are on participants' preferences. Design: After health educators explained and demonstrated 6 different HIV a ntibody collection and testing strategies (3 saliva, 1 urine, and 2 fingers tick methods), participants completed a confidential survey about test meth od preference and tried the different testing methods. The participants had an opportunity to re-rank their test method preference after learning abou t each test's result response time. Setting: Health education sessions in both clinical and community settings. Participants: Youths aged 12 to 24 years. Results: An oral collection device with a rapid saliva test was the most hi ghly preferred test method. The preference for this method and the rapid re sponse test methods via fingerstick procedures improved significantly after subjects learned of the rapid result response time, while the other method s were given significantly lower preference rankings after subjects learned of the longer result response times. Shifts in preference rankings were no t related to sex, age, ethnic group, experience with HIV testing, or practi ce of risk behaviors. Conclusions: Our research supports the use of noninvasive and rapid HIV tes ting methods with rapid response times for adolescents to assist in the ear ly identification of HIV status, while offering HIV prevention opportunitie s and immediate linkage to care.