Courtship feedings, copulations and paternity in common terns, Sterna hirundo

Citation
J. Gonzalez-solis et al., Courtship feedings, copulations and paternity in common terns, Sterna hirundo, ANIM BEHAV, 61, 2001, pp. 1125-1132
Citations number
60
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR
ISSN journal
0003-3472 → ACNP
Volume
61
Year of publication
2001
Part
6
Pages
1125 - 1132
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-3472(200106)61:<1125:CFCAPI>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Over the breeding season, courtship feedings in pairs of common terns were estimated to range from 0 to over 150 and copulations from 0 to over 50 per pair, based on a daylength of 17 h. The numbers of both were negatively co rrelated with laying date, suggesting that late breeding was a consequence of poor-quality males unable to provision their females adequately. Althoug h there was not usually a temporal link between courtship feedings and copu lations, overall they were strongly correlated, suggesting that females cop ulate repeatedly with the same male to gain food. High food availability, a s indicated by low tide, was associated with high levels of courtship feedi ng and few copulations, and vice versa, whereas we did not detect any patte rn associated with the time of day. Three of 272 courtship feedings, and tw o of 76 copulation attempts, were extrapair. Only one of 34 broods contradi cted the assumption that broods contained only true siblings, in accordance with the high levels of sexual fidelity observed. (C) 2001 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.