Suppression of gamma ray-induced illegitimate recombination in Escherichiacoli by the DNA binding protein H-NS

Citation
Y. Shanado et al., Suppression of gamma ray-induced illegitimate recombination in Escherichiacoli by the DNA binding protein H-NS, MOL GENET G, 265(2), 2001, pp. 242-248
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
ISSN journal
1617-4615 → ACNP
Volume
265
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
242 - 248
Database
ISI
SICI code
1617-4615(200104)265:2<242:SOGRIR>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
To study the mechanism of gamma -ray-induced illegitimate recombination, we examined the formation of lambda bio transducing phage in Escherichia coli after gamma -ray irradiation. We show that gamma -ray irradiation enhances the formation of lambda bio transducing phage during prophage induction. M oreover, an hns mutation synergistically enhanced the incidence of gamma -r ay-induced illegitimate recombination. Next we determined the sequences at the recombination junctions of the lambda bio transduclllg phages induced b y gamma -ray irradiation. Most of the recombination sites coincided with kn own hotspots. Among them, hotspot I accounted for 67% and 77% of gamma -ray -induced lambda bio transducing phages: in the wild type and the hns mutant , respectively. Therefore, the recombination sites appear to occur mostly a t hotspot I or at other hotspots, but rarely at non-hotspot sites. These re sults suggest that types of DNA damage other than the double-strand breaks induced at random sites are mainly responsible for the introduction of the site-specific or region-specific DNA double strand breaks that lead to reco mbination at the hotspots. The results also showed that the recombination e vents took place between DNA sequences possessing short stretches of homolo gy. H-NS protein, which binds to curved DNA, suppresses illegitimate recomb ination:ln: the presence and absence of gamma -ray irradiation. Models for gamma -ray-induced illegitimate recombination are discussed.