With essentially the same estimation methods and time period but using diff
erent UK data sets and risk measures, Sandy and Elliott (1996) found that n
onunion male manual workers had a substantially higher fatal risk premium t
han union workers while Siebert and Wei (1994) found the opposite. This pap
er attempts to reconcile these conflicting results using the different meas
ures of fatal risk employed in these two studies together on the same data
set. The conflicting results are due to several types of measurement error.
We find substantial miscoding in the employee-reported industry affiliatio
n as well as larger errors-in-variables bias in the industry-based risk tha
n in the occupation-based risk.