A pilot study of homocyst(e)ine levels in essential hypertension: Relationship to von Willebrand factor, an index of endothelial damage

Citation
Gyh. Lip et al., A pilot study of homocyst(e)ine levels in essential hypertension: Relationship to von Willebrand factor, an index of endothelial damage, AM J HYPERT, 14(7), 2001, pp. 627-631
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
ISSN journal
0895-7061 → ACNP
Volume
14
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Part
1
Pages
627 - 631
Database
ISI
SICI code
0895-7061(200107)14:7<627:APSOHL>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
An interaction between homocyst(e)ine and the endothelium in hypertensive p atients may promote thrombogenesis and atherogenesis, leading to adverse ca rdiovascular events. We hypothesized that homocyst(e)ine levels are abnorma l in patients with essential hypertension, and that this may be related to an adverse effect on the vascular endothelium. Accordingly, we compared pla sma levels of homocyst(e)ine and von Willebrand factor (marking endothelial damage) in 83 patients (43 men; mean age 54 +/- standard deviation 15.9 ye ars) with essential hypertension (> 160 / 90 mm Hg), with levels in 25 heal thy normotensive controls (13 men; mean age 56 +/- 11.8 years). Baseline le vels of the markers and other clinical indices were then related to adverse cardiovascular events at follow-up. Plasma homocyst(e)ine (P = .0001) and von Willebrand factor (P = .031) leve ls were significantly higher in hypertensives compared to controls. After a mean follow-up of 76 patients for 45 months (range, 1 to 66 months), 17 su bjects experienced an end point of either cardiovascular death (n = 10) or adverse cardiovascular event (n = 7). Comparing these 17 with the 59 free o f an end point, the former were older (P = .0002) and had a longer duration of known hypertension (P = .018). There was a nonsignificant trend toward higher median plasma homocyst(e)ine levels in the patients sustaining a vas cular end point (P = .07). In this pilot study, we suggest that essential hypertension may be associat ed with increased plasma homocyst(e)ine levels, but that this amino acid is unrelated to endothelial damage (von Willebrand factor), clinical indices, or prognosis. (C) 2001 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.