Ranitidine bismuth citrate-based triple therapies after failure of the standard 'Maastricht triple therapy': a promising alternative to the quadrupletherapy?

Citation
F. Perri et al., Ranitidine bismuth citrate-based triple therapies after failure of the standard 'Maastricht triple therapy': a promising alternative to the quadrupletherapy?, ALIM PHARM, 15(7), 2001, pp. 1017-1022
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology,"da verificare
Journal title
ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
ISSN journal
0269-2813 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1017 - 1022
Database
ISI
SICI code
0269-2813(200107)15:7<1017:RBCTTA>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Background: Triple therapy with proton pump inhibitor, clarythromycin, and amoxicillin has been proposed in Maastricht as the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection. Aim: To determine whether ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC) based regimens m ay be used as second-line treatments after 'Maastricht therapy' failure. Methods: A total of 285 patients with H. pylori infection were given a 7-da y treatment with pantoprazole 40 mg b.d., clarythromycin 500 mg b.d,, and a moxicillin 1 g b.d. Patients who were still infected were randomly given on e of the following 14-day treatments: RBC 400 mg b.d, plus amoxicillin 1 g b.d, and tinidazole 500 mg b.d, (RAT group), RBC 400 mg b.d. plus amoxicill in 1 g b.d, and clarythromycin 500 mg b.d. (RAC group), and RBC 400 mg b.d. plus clarythromycin 500 mg b.d. and tinidazole 500 mg b.d. (RCT group). Results: The 'Maastricht therapy' achieved an eradication rate of 59% (95% CI: 54-65) on intention-to-treat analysis. The RAT, RAG, and RCT regimens a chieved eradication rates of 81% (95% CT: 67-94), 43% (95% CI: 26-60), and 62% (95% CI: 44-80), respectively, on intention-to-treat analysis. Patient compliance was optimal in RAT and RAC groups. Conclusion: RBC plus tinidazole and either amoxicillin or clarythromycin ca n be used as second-line therapies after failure of the Maastricht triple t herapy.