F. Perri et al., Ranitidine bismuth citrate-based triple therapies after failure of the standard 'Maastricht triple therapy': a promising alternative to the quadrupletherapy?, ALIM PHARM, 15(7), 2001, pp. 1017-1022
Background: Triple therapy with proton pump inhibitor, clarythromycin, and
amoxicillin has been proposed in Maastricht as the first-line treatment of
H. pylori infection.
Aim: To determine whether ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC) based regimens m
ay be used as second-line treatments after 'Maastricht therapy' failure.
Methods: A total of 285 patients with H. pylori infection were given a 7-da
y treatment with pantoprazole 40 mg b.d., clarythromycin 500 mg b.d,, and a
moxicillin 1 g b.d. Patients who were still infected were randomly given on
e of the following 14-day treatments: RBC 400 mg b.d, plus amoxicillin 1 g
b.d, and tinidazole 500 mg b.d, (RAT group), RBC 400 mg b.d. plus amoxicill
in 1 g b.d, and clarythromycin 500 mg b.d. (RAC group), and RBC 400 mg b.d.
plus clarythromycin 500 mg b.d. and tinidazole 500 mg b.d. (RCT group).
Results: The 'Maastricht therapy' achieved an eradication rate of 59% (95%
CI: 54-65) on intention-to-treat analysis. The RAT, RAG, and RCT regimens a
chieved eradication rates of 81% (95% CT: 67-94), 43% (95% CI: 26-60), and
62% (95% CI: 44-80), respectively, on intention-to-treat analysis. Patient
compliance was optimal in RAT and RAC groups.
Conclusion: RBC plus tinidazole and either amoxicillin or clarythromycin ca
n be used as second-line therapies after failure of the Maastricht triple t