The Microcystis cyanobacteria bloom in the Swan River - February 2000

Citation
R. Atkins et al., The Microcystis cyanobacteria bloom in the Swan River - February 2000, WATER SCI T, 43(9), 2001, pp. 107-114
Citations number
7
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISSN journal
0273-1223 → ACNP
Volume
43
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
107 - 114
Database
ISI
SICI code
0273-1223(2001)43:9<107:TMCBIT>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
In February 2000 the Swan-Canning estuary in Western Australia experienced a record bloom of the toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa. At its he ight, concentrations of M. aeruginosa reached integrated water column cell counts of 15,0001ml and formed bright green scums in sheltered bays, where counts of 130 million cells/ml were recorded. Due to public health concerns parts of the river were closed from 10 to 22 February 2000. Two unseasonab ly large summer rain events in early and late January 2000 created conditio ns for the bloom. Freshwater runoff, estimated at 270 GL, was enough to fil l the Swan-Canning estuary five times over and brought with it high levels of nutrients, mainly nitrogen (>2.0mg/L TN) and phosphorus (>0.15mg/L TP). A number of methods to reduce bloom accumulations were tried, including an attempt to increase the salinity of the surface water above the critical 10 ppt level for Microcystis; using a bentonite clay and poly-aluminium chlor ide mixture to flocculate and sink the algae; and sucking up scums using oi l spill equipment. Over 900 tonnes of M. aeruginosa were removed and safely disposed using sewage treatment facilities. The bloom collapsed when the f reshwater flush subsided and seawater intrusion from the Indian Ocean re-es tablished itself, raising the-salinities above the tolerance of Microcystis .