Cultivation of Absidia coerulea for chitosan production in a modified airlift reactor

Citation
Wt. Wu et al., Cultivation of Absidia coerulea for chitosan production in a modified airlift reactor, J CH INST C, 32(3), 2001, pp. 235-240
Citations number
12
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemical Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE CHINESE INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS
ISSN journal
0368-1653 → ACNP
Volume
32
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
235 - 240
Database
ISI
SICI code
0368-1653(200105)32:3<235:COACFC>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Cultivation of Absidia coerulea for chitosan production was carried out in a modified airlift reactor with two concentric wire mesh draft tubes. The o xygen requirement for the cultivation was high and the microorganisms were sensitive to shear stress. The modified reactor which had high oxygen trans fer capability provided a suitable environment for the cultivation. Product ion of chitosan in the modified reactor was more than two times higher than those in both the conventional bubble column and the stirred tank fermente r with impeller speed of 600 rpm and 55% higher than that in the stirred ta nk fermenter with the impeller speed of 300 rpm. By using the proposed reac tor, the molecular weight and degree of deacetylation of chitosan at the en d of 65 hr cultivation were 1050 kDa and 92.5%, respectively, which were mu ch higher than those using the stirred tank fermenter. The values were 710 kDa and 85.2% for the stirred tank fermenter with impeller speed of 600 rpm ; 820 kDa and 88.1% for the stirred tank fermenter with impeller speed of 3 00 rpm. By using the bubble column, the molecular weight and degree of deac etylation were 950 kDa and 92.2%, respectively.