Risk of stroke associated with abciximab among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

Citation
Km. Akkerhuis et al., Risk of stroke associated with abciximab among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, J AM MED A, 286(1), 2001, pp. 78-82
Citations number
28
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
ISSN journal
0098-7484 → ACNP
Volume
286
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
78 - 82
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-7484(20010704)286:1<78:ROSAWA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
Context Abciximab, a potent inhibitor of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor, reduces thrombotic complications in patients undergoing percutan eous coronary intervention (PCI), Because of its potent inhibition of plate let aggregation, the effect of abciximab on risk of stroke is a concern. Objective To determine whether abciximab use among patients undergoing PCI is associated with an increased risk of stroke. Design Combined analysis of data from 4 double-blind, placebo-controlled, r andomized trials (EPIC, CAPTURE, EPILOG, and EPISTENT) conducted between No vember 1991 and October 1997 at a total of 257 academic and community hospi tals in the United States and Europe. Patients A total of 8555 patients undergoing PCI with or without stent depl oyment for a variety of indications were randomly assigned to receive a bol us and infusion of abciximab (n=5476) or matching placebo (n=3079). One tre atment group in EPIC received a bolus of abciximab only. Main Outcome Measure Risk of hemorrhagic and nonhemorrhagic stroke within 3 0 days of treatment among abciximab and placebo groups. Results No significant difference in stroke rate was observed between patie nts assigned abciximab (n=22 [0.40%]) and those assigned placebo (n=9 [0.29 %]; P=.46). Excluding the EPIC abciximab bolus-only group, there were 9 str okes (0.30%) among 3023 patients who received placebo and 15 (0.32%) in 468 0 patients treated with abciximab bolus plus infusion, a difference of 0.02 % (95% confidence interval [Cl], -0.23% to 0.28%), The rate of nonhemorrhag ic stroke was 0.17% in patients treated with abciximab and 0.20% in patient s treated with placebo (difference, -0.03%; 95% Cl, -0.23% to 0.17%), and t he rates of hemorrhagic stroke were 0.15% and 0.10%, respectively (differen ce, 0.05%; 95% CI, -0.11% to 0.21%), Among patients treated with abciximab, the rate of hemorrhagic stroke in patients receiving standard-dose heparin in EPIC, CAPTURE, and EPILOG was higher than in those receiving low-dose h eparin in the EPILOG and EPISTENT trials (0.27% vs 0.04%; P=.057). Conclusions Abciximab in addition to aspirin and heparin does not increase the risk of stroke in patients;undergoing PCI, Patients undergoing PCI and treated with abciximab should receive low-dose, weight-adjusted heparin.