Objective: This study was performed to investigate the difference in the se
rum-cholesterol- and triglyceride-lowering activities between phytosterols
dissolved in diacylglycerol (PS/DG) and dispersed in triacylglycerol (PS/TG
). The effects of the solvent on the concentrations of serum beta -sitoster
ol and campesterol were examined.
Design: The study had a randomised crossover design.
Subjects: Twelve healthy normocholesterolemic or moderately hypercholestero
lemic men aged 29-50 y participated in this study.
Interventions: For 2 weeks before the test period (designated as the contro
l period), all subjects consumed control mayonnaise (PS free) daily with su
pper and were randomly assigned to two groups for the 2 week test period; o
ne group was given mayonnaise containing PS (500 mg/day) dissolved in DG (1
0 g/day), and the other mayonnaise containing PS (500 mg/day) dispersed in
TG (10 g/day). After a wash out period consuming control PS-fret mayonnaise
for 4 weeks, the groups were reversed for 2 weeks.
Results: PS/TG feeding had no effect on the serum cholesterol level. In con
trast, PS/DG feeding significantly reduced the total and LDL cholesterol le
vels from the initial value of 5.57 to 5.31 mmol/l (4.7%, P < 0.05) and fro
m 3.69 to 3.39 mmol/l (7.6%; P < 0.05), respectively. Moreover, the degree
of total cholesterol reduction induced by PS/DG feeding in the test period
was significantly greater than that induced by PS/TG feeding (P < 0.05). In
addition, the serum beta -sitosteral and campesterol concentrations did no
t change juring the PS/TG or PS/DG feeding periods.
Conclusions: Dissolution of PS in DG had a better serum cholesterol lowerin
g effect than dissolution in TG.
Sponsorship: Kao Corporation.