Perovskite-type oxide ACo(0.8)Bi(0.2)O(2.87) (A = La0.8Ba0.2): a catalyst for low-temperature CO oxidation

Citation
Hx. Dai et al., Perovskite-type oxide ACo(0.8)Bi(0.2)O(2.87) (A = La0.8Ba0.2): a catalyst for low-temperature CO oxidation, CATAL LETT, 73(2-4), 2001, pp. 149-156
Citations number
63
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics","Chemical Engineering
Journal title
CATALYSIS LETTERS
ISSN journal
1011-372X → ACNP
Volume
73
Issue
2-4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
149 - 156
Database
ISI
SICI code
1011-372X(2001)73:2-4<149:POA(=L>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
Perovskite-type oxide ACo(0.8)Bi(0.2)O(2.87) (A = La0.8Ba0.2) has been inve stigated as a catalyst for the oxidation of carbon monoxide. X-ray diffract ion results revealed that the catalyst is single-phase and cubic in structu re. The results of chemical analysis indicated that in ACo(0.8)Bi(0.2)O(2.8 7) bismuth is pentavalent whereas cobalt is trivalent as well as bivalent; in La0.8Ba0.2CoO2.94, cobalt ions exist as Co3+ and Co4+. The substitution of Bi for Co enhanced the catalytic activity of the perovskite-type oxide s ignificantly. Over the Bi-incorporated catalyst, at equal space velocities and with the rise in CO/O-2 molar ratio, the temperature for 100% CO conver sion shifted to a higher range; at a typical space velocity of 30000 h(-1) and a CO/O-2 molar ratio of 0.67/1.00, 100% CO conversion was observed at 2 50 degreesC. Over ACo(0.8)Bi(0.2)O(2.87), at equal CO/O-2 molar ratio, the temperature for 100% CO conversion decreased with a drop in space velocity; the lowest being 190 degreesC at a space velocity of 5000 h(-1). The resul t of O-2-TPD study illustrated that the presence of Bi ions caused the latt ice oxygen of La0.8Ba0.2CoO3-delta to desorb at a lower temperature. The re sults of TPR, O-18/O-16 isotopic exchange, and CO-pulsing investigations de monstrated that the lattice oxygen of the Bi-doped catalyst is highly mobil e.