The political economy of city formation in California: Limits to tiebout sorting

Authors
Citation
Ja. Musso, The political economy of city formation in California: Limits to tiebout sorting, SOC SCI Q, 82(1), 2001, pp. 139-153
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY
ISSN journal
0038-4941 → ACNP
Volume
82
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
139 - 153
Database
ISI
SICI code
0038-4941(200103)82:1<139:TPEOCF>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
Objective. This paper analyzes the extent to which voter behavior in city f ormation elections supports Tiebout's (1956) hypothesis that residential so rting facilitates efficiency of local service provision. It develops a two- stage model of city formation to distinguish agenda setting from voter outc omes on city formation proposals. Methods. Legit analysis is used to analyz e voting in 71 city formation elections, incorporating Heckman's two-stage procedure to correct for self-selection of local referenda. Results. Commun ity fiscal and demographic factors influence agenda setting more than votin g behavior. Wealthier communities in high-growth counties are more likely r o propose formation of a city. In contrast, community characteristics have little influence on electoral outcomes, suggesting that boundedly rational voters rely on information heuristics. Conclusions. Although reduction of d iversity did not appear to motivate city formation, sorting around resident ial income, land use preferences, and other demographic variables may facil itate relative efficiency of service provision.