Performance of a hydrogen/deuterium polarized gas target in a storage ring

Citation
Ld. Van Buuren et al., Performance of a hydrogen/deuterium polarized gas target in a storage ring, NUCL INST A, 474(3), 2001, pp. 209-223
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences","Instrumentation & Measurement
Journal title
NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
ISSN journal
0168-9002 → ACNP
Volume
474
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
209 - 223
Database
ISI
SICI code
0168-9002(200112)474:3<209:POAHPG>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
The performance of a high-density polarized hydrogen/deuterium gas target i nternal to a medium-energy electron storage ring is presented. Compared to our previous electron scattering experiments with tensor-polarized deuteriu m at NIKHEF (Zhou et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 378 (1996) 40; Ferro-Luz zi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 (1996) 2630; Van den Brand et al., Phys. Rev . Lett. 78 (1997) 1235; Bouwhuis et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (1999) 687; Zh ou et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (1999) 687) the target figure of merit, (pol arization)(2) x luminosity, was improved by more than an order of magnitude . The target density was increased by upgrading the flux of nuclear-polariz ed atoms injected into the storage cell and by using a longer (60 cm) and c older (similar to 70 K) storage cell. A maximal target thickness of 1.2 (1. 1) +/- 0.1 x 10(14) nuclei/cm(2) was achieved with deuterium (hydrogen). Wi th typical beam currents of 110 mA, this corresponds to a luminosity of abo ut 8.4 (7.8) +/- 0.8 x 10(31) e(-) nuclei cm(-2) s(-1). By reducing the mol ecular background and using a stronger target guide field, a higher polariz ation was achieved. The target was used in combination with a 720 MeV polar ized electron beam stored in the AmPS ring (NIKHEF) to measure spin observa bles in electron-proton and electron-deuteron scattering. Scattered electro ns were detected in a large acceptance magnetic spectrometer. Ejected hadro ns were detected in a single time-of-flight scintillator array. The product of beam and target vector polarization, PePt, was determined from the know n spin-correlation parameters of e'p quasi-elastic (or elastic) scattering. With the deuterium (hydrogen) target, values up to PePt = 0.49 +/- 0.03 (0 .32 +/- 0.03) were obtained with an electron beam polarization of P-e = 0.6 2 +/- 0.04 (0.56 +/- 0.03) as measured with a Compton backscattering polari meter (Passchier et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 414 (1998) 4988). From th is, we deduce a cell-averaged target polarization of P-t = 0.78 +/- 0.07 (0 .58 +/- 0.07), including the dilution by unpolarized molecules. (C) 2001 El sevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.