The effects of dissolved CO2 on the density and viscosity of silicate melts: a preliminary study

Citation
E. Bourgue et P. Richet, The effects of dissolved CO2 on the density and viscosity of silicate melts: a preliminary study, EARTH PLAN, 193(1-2), 2001, pp. 57-68
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS
ISSN journal
0012-821X → ACNP
Volume
193
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
57 - 68
Database
ISI
SICI code
0012-821X(20011130)193:1-2<57:TEODCO>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
A potassium silicate liquid with 56.9 mol% SiO2 (KS1.3) has been used as a model system to determine at 1 bar the influence of carbon dioxide on the v iscosity and density of magma. For the maximum concentration of 3.5 wt% tha t could be dissolved, the viscosity decreases by two orders of magnitude ne ar the glass transition at around 750 K. For 1 wt% CO2, the decrease is 1 a nd only 0.04 log unit at 750 and 1500 K, respectively. Dissolved CO2 has a composition independent partial molar volume of 25.6 +/- 0.8 cm(3)/mol in g lasses at room temperature, and does not affect the thermal expansion coeff icient of the supercooled liquid which is (12.3 +/- 0.3) X 10(-5) K-1 for C O2 contents varying from 0.6 to 2.2 wt%. Qualitatively, these effects are s imilar to those of water. However, the density of dissolved CO2 Varies from about 1.7 to 1.5 g/cm(3) in a 700 K interval above the glass transition, a nd lowers the density of the glass less than water whose density decreases from 1.5 to 1.2 g/cm(3) under the same conditions. The relevance of these r esults to natural magma is finally pointed out. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B .V. All rights reserved.