Development of a new method for assessing the cardiac baroreflex: responseto downward tilting in patients with diabetes mellitus

Citation
M. Nakagawa et al., Development of a new method for assessing the cardiac baroreflex: responseto downward tilting in patients with diabetes mellitus, HEART, 86(6), 2001, pp. 643-648
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
HEART
ISSN journal
1355-6037 → ACNP
Volume
86
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
643 - 648
Database
ISI
SICI code
1355-6037(200112)86:6<643:DOANMF>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Objective-To investigate the clinical value of a new non-invasive method fo r assessing baroreflex sensitivity using downward tilting. Patients-34 patients with diabetes mellitus, mean (SD) age, 53.6 (11.8) yea rs. Design-Arterial blood pressure and ECG were recorded simultaneously while t he patients were on a tilt table. After 20 minutes at a 70 degrees upright tilt, the patients were returned to the supine position at a speed of 3.2 d egrees /s (downward tilting baroreflex sensitivity test, DT-BRS). A beat to beat systolic blood pressure increase associated with a corresponding leng thening of the RR interval was noted during downward tilting. Baroreflex se nsitivity was also assessed using the conventional method of an intravenous injection of phenylephrine (Phe-BRS). Heart rate variability was analysed during rest and tilting. Results-The slope of the regression line for systolic blood pressure v RR i nterval during downward tilting was highly correlated with Phe-BRS (r = 0.8 3, p < 0.0001). Both DT-BRS and Phe-BRS were correlated with the high frequ ency (HF) component of resting heart rate variability (p < 0.005) and with the ratio of the low frequency to the high frequency component (LF/HF) duri ng upright tilting (p < 0.005). DT-BRS and Phe-BRS were also correlated wit h the difference between rest and tilting values of HF and LF/HF (p < 0.005 ). Conclusions-DT-BRS provides a physiological, non-invasive method for determ ining baroreflex sensitivity and may be a useful index of reflex cardiac va gal and sympathetic function in patients with diabetes mellitus.