Oligopeptides and free amino acids in Parma hams of known cathepsin B activity

Citation
S. Sforza et al., Oligopeptides and free amino acids in Parma hams of known cathepsin B activity, FOOD CHEM, 75(3), 2001, pp. 267-273
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Food Science/Nutrition
Journal title
FOOD CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0308-8146 → ACNP
Volume
75
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
267 - 273
Database
ISI
SICI code
0308-8146(200111)75:3<267:OAFAAI>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Sixteen Parma hams were manufactured following regular standard procedures up to the 13th month of processing and then divided into two groups accordi ng to established levels of cathepsin B activity in fresh hams. Each group was selected in order to include the same number of hams with low or high c athepsin B activity. The two groups were further split to be kept for an ad ditional month at two different temperatures (18 and 26 degreesC) and then analysed for proximate composition, free amino acids and oligopeptides (MW < 500 Da). All hams were analysed by sensory analysis (panel test) to be sc ored for saltiness, bitterness and the flavour of "ageing". Fresh hams with higher cathepsin B activity were shown by means of two-way ANOVA to yield dry-cured hams more proteolysed (P < 0.01), while the higher temperature of the final ageing period seemed to play a major role in lowering ham drynes s. Bitterness was particularly well perceived in most proteolysed hams and it was significantly related to the higher amounts of lipophilic amino acid s and lipophilic oligopeptides (identified by mass spectrometry), in agreem ent with the literature. Thus, the endopeptidase activity in fresh hams, to gether with the presence of specific lipophilic amino acids and oligopeptid es in dry-cured hams, can be regarded as a molecular marker of bitter taste development. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.