The kinematic evolution of the Nepalese Himalaya interpreted from Nd isotopes

Citation
Dm. Robinson et al., The kinematic evolution of the Nepalese Himalaya interpreted from Nd isotopes, EARTH PLAN, 192(4), 2001, pp. 507-521
Citations number
54
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS
ISSN journal
0012-821X → ACNP
Volume
192
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
507 - 521
Database
ISI
SICI code
0012-821X(20011115)192:4<507:TKEOTN>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Neodymium (Nd) isotopes from the Himalayan fold-thrust belt and its associa ted foreland basin deposits are useful for distinguishing between Himalayan tectonostratigraphic zones and revealing the erosional unroofing history a s controlled by the kinematic development of the orogen. Neodymium. isotopi c data from the Himalayan fold-thrust belt in Nepal (n = 35) reveal that th e Lesser Himalayan zone consistently has a more negative epsilon (Nd)(0) va lue than the Greater and Tibetan Himalayan zones. Our data show the average epsilon (Nd)(0) value in the Lesser Himalayan zone is -21.5, whereas the G reater and Tibetan Himalayan zones have an average epsilon (Nd)(0) value of -16. These consistently distinct values throughout Nepal enable the use of Nd isotopes as a technique for distinguishing between Lesser Himalayan zon e and Greater Himalayan zone rock. The less negative epsilon (Nd)(0) values of the Greater Himalayan rocks support the idea that the Greater Himalayan zone is not Indian basement, but rather a terrane that accreted onto India during Early Paleozoic time. Neodymium isotopic data from Eocene through P liocene foreland basin deposits (n=34) show that sediment provenance has be en dominated by Greater and Tibetan Himalayan detritus across Nepal. The ep silon (Nd)(T) values in the synorogenic rocks in western and central Nepal generally show an up-section shift toward more negative values and record t he progressive unrooting of the different tectonostratigraphic zones. At si milar to 10 Ma in Khutia Khola and similar to 11 Ma in Surai Khola, a shift in epsilon (Nd)(T) values from -16 to -18 marks the erosional breaching of a large duplex in the northern part of the Lesser Himalayan zone. This shi ft is not seen in eastern Nepal, where the epsilon (Nd)(T) values remain cl ose to -16 throughout Miocene time because there has been less erosional un roofing in this region. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.