Small peptide GP IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors as upstream therapy in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: results of the PURSUIT, PRISM, PRISM-PLUS, TACTICS, and PARAGON trials

Citation
Rg. Mckay et We. Boden, Small peptide GP IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors as upstream therapy in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: results of the PURSUIT, PRISM, PRISM-PLUS, TACTICS, and PARAGON trials, CURR OPIN C, 16(6), 2001, pp. 364-369
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems
Journal title
CURRENT OPINION IN CARDIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0268-4705 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
364 - 369
Database
ISI
SICI code
0268-4705(200111)16:6<364:SPGIRI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
The primary pathophysiologic mechanism underlying all non-ST-segment elevat ion acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) is the formation of platelet-rich c oronary thrombi in response to spontaneous or intervention-induced endothel ial damage with exposure of subendothelial substrates. Antagonists of the g lycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor ameliorate this process by blocking the final common pathway for platelet aggregation. Based upon collective data i n over 24,000 patients, clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment of NSTE ACS patients with GP IIb/IIIa agents results in an approximate 12% re lative risk reduction in the incidence of death or myocardial infarction at 30 days. The magnitude of this clinical benefit is increased in patients w ho are troponin-positive and who are referred for early percutaneous interv ention. Potential benefits of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use must be weighed aga inst an increased risk of bleeding. Ongoing controversies exist concerning the relative efficacy of different GP IIb/IIIa antagonists, the accurate us e of platelet function tests to define safe and efficacious drug dosing, th e adjunctive use of additional anti-thrombotic agents, and the optimal timi ng of upstream therapy before diagnostic cardiac catheterization and revasc ularization. (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.