Control of early seed development

Citation
Am. Chaudhury et al., Control of early seed development, ANN R C DEV, 17, 2001, pp. 677-699
Citations number
99
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Cell & Developmental Biology
Journal title
ANNUAL REVIEW OF CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
1081-0706 → ACNP
Volume
17
Year of publication
2001
Pages
677 - 699
Database
ISI
SICI code
1081-0706(2001)17:<677:COESD>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Seed development requires coordinated expression of embryo and endosperm. a nd has contributions from both sporophytic and male and female gametophytic genes. Genetic and molecular analyses in recent years have started to illu minate how products of these multiple genes interact to initiate seed devel opment. Imprinting or differential expression of paternal and maternal gene s seems to be involved in controlling seed development, presumably by contr olling gene expression in developing endosperm. Epigenetic processes such a s chromatin remodeling and DNA methylation affect imprinting of key seed-sp ecific genes; however, the identity of many of these genes remains unknown. The discovery of FIS genes has illuminated control of autonomous endosperm development, a component of apomixis, which is an important developmental and agronomic trait. FIS genes are targets of imprinting, and the genes the y control in developing endosperm are also regulated by DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling genes. These results define some exciting future area s of research in seed development.