A dose-determining trial of heparinase-I (Neutralase (TM)) for heparin neutralization in coronary artery surgery

Citation
Ek. Heres et al., A dose-determining trial of heparinase-I (Neutralase (TM)) for heparin neutralization in coronary artery surgery, ANESTH ANAL, 93(6), 2001, pp. 1446-1452
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA
ISSN journal
0003-2999 → ACNP
Volume
93
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1446 - 1452
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-2999(200112)93:6<1446:ADTOH(>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Heparinase-I, a specific heparin-degrading enzyme, may represent an alterna tive to protamine. We explored the dose of heparinase-I for efficacy and sa fety in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. At the conclusion of c ardiopulmonary bypass, subjects received 5, 7, or 10 mug/kg of open-label h eparinase-I instead of protamine. Activated clotting time (ACT) and its dif ference from a contemporaneous heparin-free sample (Delta ACT) at 3 min bef ore and 3, 6, and 9 min after heparinase-I determined reversal efficacy. Af ter surgery, we recorded hourly chest tube drainage. Systemic and pulmonary arterial blood pressure and cardiac output measurements before and immedia tely after heparinase-I were used to evaluate hemodynamic safety. Coagulati on measurements included anti-factor Xa and anti-factor IIa activities. For ty-nine patients from seven institutions participated: 12 received 5 mug/ k g, 21 received 7 mug/kg, 4 received two doses of 7 mug/ kg, 8 received 10 m ug/kg, and 4 received two doses of 10 mug/kg. Treatment groups did not diff er demographically. Median Delta ACT 9 min later was 11, 7, and 4 s for the 5,7, and 10 mug/kg groups, respectively. No adverse hemodynamic changes oc curred with heparinase-I administration. The authors conclude that heparina se-I effectively restored the ACT after cardiopulmonary bypass. This effect appeared to be dose dependent.