Proton conductivity of acid-impregnated mesoporous silica gels prepared using surfactants as a template

Citation
A. Matsuda et al., Proton conductivity of acid-impregnated mesoporous silica gels prepared using surfactants as a template, SOL ST ION, 145(1-4), 2001, pp. 135-140
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
SOLID STATE IONICS
ISSN journal
0167-2738 → ACNP
Volume
145
Issue
1-4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
135 - 140
Database
ISI
SICI code
0167-2738(200112)145:1-4<135:PCOAMS>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Highly proton-conductive acid-impregnated mesoporous silica gels have been prepared using alkyltrimethylammonium. chlorides with different alkyl chain length as a template and several kinds of protonic acids such as HClO4, H2 SO4 and H3PO4 as a proton donor. The specific surface area and pore volume of the mesoporous silica gels increased with an increase in the number of c arbon atoms in the alkyl chain. The electric conductivities of all the acid -impregnated mesoporous silica gels also tended to increase with increasing the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain in the surfactant. This phen omenon can be ascribed to an increase in the amounts of impregnated acid du e to the enlarged pore volume in the mesoporous silica gels. It was found t hat HClO4 and H2SO4 more effectively enhanced the proton conductivity of th e resultant acid-impregnated silica gels than H3PO4. The conductivities of the HClO4- and H2SO4-impregnated mesoporous silica gels obtained were highe r than 10(-1) S cm(-1) under 60% relative humidity at 85 degreesC. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.