A cross-media presence questionnaire: The ITC-Sense of Presence Inventory

Citation
J. Lessiter et al., A cross-media presence questionnaire: The ITC-Sense of Presence Inventory, PRESENCE-T, 10(3), 2001, pp. 282-297
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
AI Robotics and Automatic Control
Journal title
PRESENCE-TELEOPERATORS AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
ISSN journal
1054-7460 → ACNP
Volume
10
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
282 - 297
Database
ISI
SICI code
1054-7460(200106)10:3<282:ACPQTI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
The presence research community would benefit from a reliable and valid cro ss-media presence measure that allows results from different laboratories t o be compared and a more comprehensive knowledge base to be developed. The ITC-Sense of Presence Inventory (ITC-SOPI) is a new state questionnaire mea sure whose development has been informed by previous research on the determ inants of presence and current self-report measures. It focuses on users' e xperiences of media, with no reference to objective system parameters. More than 600 people completed the ITC-SOPI following an experience with one of a range of noninteractive and interactive media. Exploratory analysis (pri ncipal axis factoring) revealed four factors: Sense of Physical Space, Enga gement, Ecological Validity, and Negative Effects. Relations between the fa ctors and the consistency of the factor structure with others reported in t he literature are discussed. Preliminary analyses described here demonstrat e that the ITC-SOPI is reliable and valid, but more rigorous testing of its psychometric properties and applicability to interactive virtual environme nts is required. Subject to satisfactory confirmatory analyses, the ITC-SOP I will offer researchers using a range of media systems a tool with which t o measure four facets of a media experience that are putatively related to presence.