CYP1A1, CYP2E1 and GSTM1 genetic polymorphisms. The effect of single and combined genotypes on lung cancer susceptibility in Chilean people

Citation
L. Quinones et al., CYP1A1, CYP2E1 and GSTM1 genetic polymorphisms. The effect of single and combined genotypes on lung cancer susceptibility in Chilean people, CANCER LETT, 174(1), 2001, pp. 35-44
Citations number
50
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
CANCER LETTERS
ISSN journal
0304-3835 → ACNP
Volume
174
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
35 - 44
Database
ISI
SICI code
0304-3835(200112)174:1<35:CCAGGP>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
CYP1A1, CYP2E1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms were evaluated in Chilean healthy co ntrols and lung cancer patients. In the Chilean healthy group, frequencies of CYP1A1 variant alleles for MspI (m2 or CYP1A1*2A) and ile/val (val or CY P1A1*2B) polymorphisms were 0.25 and 0.33, respectively. Frequencies of var iant alleles C (CY2E1*6) and c2 (CYP2E1*5B) for CYP2E1 were 0.21 and 0.16, respectively and frequency for GSTM1 (-) was 0.24. The presence of variant alleles for GSTM1, MspI and Ile/val polymorphisms was more frequent in case s than in controls. However, frequencies for the c2 and C alleles were not significantly different in controls and in cases. The estimated relative ri sk for lung cancer associated to a single mutated allele in CYP1A1, CYP2E1 or GSTM1 was 2.41 for m2, 1.69 for val, 1.16 for C, 0.71 for c2 and 2.46 fo r GSTM1(-). The estimated relative risk was higher for individuals carrying combined CYP1A1 and GSTM1 mutated alleles (m2/val, OR = 6.28; m2/GSTM1 (-) , OR = 3.56) and lower,in individuals carrying CYP1A1 and CYP2E1 mutated al leles (m2/C, OR = 1.39; m2/c2, OR = 2.00; val/C, OR = 1.45; val/c2, OR = 0. 48; not significant). The OR values considering smoking were 4.37 for m2, 4 .05 for val, 3.47 for GSTM1 (-), 7.38 for m2/val and 3.68 for m2/GSTM1 (-), higher values than those observed without any stratification by smoking. T aken together, these findings suggest that Chilean people carrying single o r combined GSTM1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms could be more susceptible to lung cancer induced by environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hyd rocarbons. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.