Effects of naturally occurring prenylated flavonoids on enzymes metabolizing arachidonic acid: Cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases

Citation
Ys. Chi et al., Effects of naturally occurring prenylated flavonoids on enzymes metabolizing arachidonic acid: Cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases, BIOCH PHARM, 62(9), 2001, pp. 1185-1191
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN journal
0006-2952 → ACNP
Volume
62
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1185 - 1191
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-2952(20011101)62:9<1185:EONOPF>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
Prenylated flavonoids are chemical entities having an isoprenyl, a geranyl, a 1, 1-dimethylallyl, and/or a lavandulyl moiety as part of their flavonoi d backbone structure. In this study, the effects of 19 naturally occurring prenylated flavonoids, isolated from medicinal plants, on cyclooxygenase (C OX)-1 and COX-2 and on 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and 12-LOX were investigated using [C-14]arachidonic acid as a substrate. The homogenates of bovine plat elets and polymorphonuclear leukocytes were used as COX-1, 12-LOX, and 5-LO X enzyme sources; the homogenate of aspirin-pretreated lipopolysaccharide-i nduced RAW 264.7 cells was used for the COX-2 enzyme source. Among the 19 p renylated flavonoids, morusin, kuwanon C, sanggenon B, sanggenon D and kazi nol B inhibited COX-2 activity (IC50 = 73-100 muM), but the potencies were far less than that of NS-398 (IC50 = 2.9 muM). In contrast, many prenylated flavonoids, such as kuraridin, kuwanon C and sophoraisoflavanone A, inhibi ted COX-1 activity. Of the COX-1 inhibiting prenylated flavonoids, kuraridi n, kurarinone, and sophoraflavanone G, all having a C-8 lavandulyl moiety, showed potent activity (IC50 = 0.1 to 1 muM) comparable to that of indometh acin (IC50 = 0.7 muM). Most of the prenylated flavonoids tested: inhibited 5-LOX activity with ic,o values ranging from 0.09 to 100 AM. Of these, only kuwanon C, papyriflavonol A and sophoraflavanone G showed inhibitory activ ity against 12-LOX at low concentration ranges (IC50 = 19-69 muM) comparabl e to that of NDGA (IC50 = 2.6 muM). Our results suggest that the position a nd the nature of the prenyl substitution greatly influence in vitro biologi cal activities of these molecules. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All right s reserved.