Y. Kadoi et al., Decrease in jugular venous oxygen saturation during normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass predicts short-term postoperative neurologic dysfunction in elderly patients, J AM COL C, 38(5), 2001, pp. 1450-1455
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
OBJECTIVES We sought to examine whether the decrease in jugular venous oxyg
en saturation (Sjvo(2)) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can be used to
predict short-term and long-term postoperative cognitive disorders in elder
BACKGROUND It has been reported that elderly patients might be more suscept
ible to hypoperfusion during CPB.
METHODS One hundred eighty-five patients scheduled for elective coronary ar
tery bypass graft surgery, were studied. Group 1 (n = 56) was young (<50 ye
ars old), group 2 (n = 67) was middle-aged (50 to 69 years old) and group 3
(n = 62) was elderly, (>70 years old). After induction of anesthesia, a fi
beroptic oximetry oxygen saturation catheter was inserted into the right ju
gular bulb to monitor Sjvo(2) continuously. Hemodynamic variables and arter
ial and jugular venous blood gases were measured at seven time points.
RESULTS The cerebral desaturation time (duration when Sjvo(2) was <50%) and
the ratio of the cerebral desaturation time to the total CPB time in group
3 were significantly different from those in groups 1 and 2 (group 1: 20 /- 6 min and 16 +/- 5%; group 2: 19 +/- 7min and 14 +/- 6%; group 3: 34 +/-
9min and 24 +/- 7%, respectively; p < 0.05). Also, age (odds ratio [OR] 1.
3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0 to 1.8, p = 6.02) and desaturation time
(OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.0 to 1.4, p = 0.03) were perioperative factors in relati
on to short-term cognitive impairment. However, age and desaturation time w
ere not perioperative factors in relation to long-term cognitive impairment
CONCLUSIONS Reduced Sjvo(2) was associated with short-term cognitive dysfun
ction in elderly, patients. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;38:1450-5) (C) 2001 by
the American College of Cardiology.