Crystallization of diamond from CO2 fluid at high pressure and high temperature

Citation
S. Yamaoka et al., Crystallization of diamond from CO2 fluid at high pressure and high temperature, J CRYST GR, 234(1), 2002, pp. 5-8
Citations number
8
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH
ISSN journal
0022-0248 → ACNP
Volume
234
Issue
1
Year of publication
2002
Pages
5 - 8
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-0248(200201)234:1<5:CODFCF>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
Crystallization of diamond from CO2 fluid was studied by using an equimolar mixture of C-12 graphite and C-13 graphitic carbon as a carbon source and PtO2 as an oxygen source under diamond-stable HP-HT condition at 7.7 GPa an d 1500 degreesC. Before reaching the experimental condition, PtO2 was reduc ed by carbon, and CO2 was formed. Flaky graphite crystals less than 1 mum i n size and octahedral diamond crystals about 10 gm. in size were obtained i n the experiments held for 8 and 24 h, respectively. Both were solid soluti ons of C-12 and C-13, and the coexisting fluid was CO2 composed of (CO2)-C- 12 and (CO2)-C-13. This means that starting graphitic carbon atoms of C-12 and C-13 Were mixed by the dissolution into CO2 fluid, and solid solution o f graphite was first crystallized followed by that of diamond after a consi derably long time. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science BY. All rights reserved.