Herbal medicines, Sairei-to and Tokishakuyaku-san, differently modulate the release of cytokines from decidual versus peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Citation
T. Fujii et al., Herbal medicines, Sairei-to and Tokishakuyaku-san, differently modulate the release of cytokines from decidual versus peripheral blood mononuclear cells, AM J REPROD, 46(5), 2001, pp. 369-372
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY
ISSN journal
1046-7408 → ACNP
Volume
46
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
369 - 372
Database
ISI
SICI code
1046-7408(200111)46:5<369:HMSATD>2.0.ZU;2-2
Abstract
PROBLEM AND METHOD OF STUDY: We have shown that Tokishakuyaku-san (Toki) an d Sairei-to (Sai) enhance T helper-1 (Th1) cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs); thereby, they could be a therapeutic mean s in the treatment of autoimmunity related recurrent abortion in which T he lper-2 (Th2) polarization is exaggerated, the condition purported to benefi t from these herbal medicines. However, an open question is whether these m edicines might enhance Th1 cytokine release in decidual tissues and thereby stimulate the killer activity, thus, working counterproductively by accele rating maternal alloimmune reactions toward fetal tissues. To address this, we examined the effects of these medicines on the release of cytokines fro m decidual mononuclear cells (DMCs) in comparison with PBMCs on the assumpt ion that they might act differently on these cell types. The effects of the se medicines were investigated as related to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)- G, a nonclassical HLA class I antigen expressed on trophoblasts and a putat ive crucial player involved in fetomaternal immune interplay. RESULTS: Regarding Th1 cytokines, Toki marginally increased the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, but not interferon (IFN)-gamma from DMCs while Sai did not affect the release of both. Both Toki and Sai were witho ut effect in modulating the release of interleukin (IL)-4, a member of Th2 cytokines. Interestingly, the presence of HLA-G reduced the release of Th1 cytokines from DMCs regardless of the addition of Toki, Sai or none. These findings are in sharp contrast with PBMCs on which these medicines seem to act so as to enhance Th1 polarization and attenuate Th2 polarization. CONCLUSION: Differential effects of Toki and Sai on the release of Th1/Th2 cytokines between DMCs and PBMCs may afford the rationale of these medicine s in the treatment of autoimmunity-related recurrent abortion.