Separation of close-boiling hydrocarbon mixtures by MFI and FAU membranes made by secondary growth

Citation
S. Nair et al., Separation of close-boiling hydrocarbon mixtures by MFI and FAU membranes made by secondary growth, MICROP M M, 48(1-3), 2001, pp. 219-228
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS
ISSN journal
1387-1811 → ACNP
Volume
48
Issue
1-3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
219 - 228
Database
ISI
SICI code
1387-1811(20011101)48:1-3<219:SOCHMB>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
We summarize and discuss recent results on the separation of close-boiling hydrocarbon mixtures by means of zeolite membranes. We focus on the separat ion of xylene isomers using silicalite (MFI) membranes. as well as several other hydrocarbon mixtures using faujasite membranes. In the case of the si licalite membranes, the selectivity is found to depend on the membrane micr ostructure. Permeation of xylene isomers through the silicalite membranes o ccurs through both zeolitic and non-zeolitic (intercrystalline) nanopores. This hypothesis is supported by vapor-phase permeation results on silicalit e membranes synthesized with different microstructures, and by confocal mic roscopy experiments. In addition, a simple method for repairing calcination -induced membrane defects is presented, and its application is found to be essential in obtaining high (20-300) p-xylene/o-xylene separation factors. The faujasite membranes are found to have high selectivities (40-150) in th e separation of binary mixtures containing one aromatic component, and mode st selectivities (4-9) for the separation of unsaturated from saturated low -molecular-weight hydrocarbons. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights r eserved.