Growth status and related medical conditions among refugee children in Massachusetts, 1995-1998

Citation
Pl. Geltman et al., Growth status and related medical conditions among refugee children in Massachusetts, 1995-1998, AM J PUB HE, 91(11), 2001, pp. 1800-1805
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN journal
0090-0036 → ACNP
Volume
91
Issue
11
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1800 - 1805
Database
ISI
SICI code
0090-0036(200111)91:11<1800:GSARMC>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Objectives. This study analyzed growth and identified related medical condi tions among refugee children in Massachusetts. Methods. Between July 1995 and June 1998, 1825 refugee children were screen ed. Variables included positive tuberculin (purified protein derivative; PP D) test; dental abnormalities; pathogenic parasites; weight-for-age, height -for-age, and weight-for-height z scores; and body mass index greater than the 84th percentile. Results. Of all the children, 21% had parasites, 62% had caries, and 25% ha d a positive PPD reaction. Twelve percent overall and 28% younger than 2 ye ars had anemia. Eight percent had height-for-age z scores less than -2, and 6% had weight-for-age z scores greater than +2. Of those aged I to 9 years , 7% had weight-for-height z scores greater than +2. Weight-for-height z sc ores less than -2 were concentrated among Africans and East Asians (both 8% ). Height-for-age z scores less than -2 were seen among African (13%), Near Eastern (19%), and East Asian (30%) children. Weight-for-height z scores g reater than +2 and body mass index greater than the 84th percentile were co ncentrated among children from the former Yugoslavia (8% and 15%) and the f ormer Soviet Union (8% and 14%). Conclusions. Recently arrived refugee children have significant growth abno rmalities. European refugees were overweight; those from developing countri es had growth retardation.