Amino acid permeases in developing seeds of Vicia faba L.: expression precedes storage protein synthesis and is regulated by amino acid supply

Citation
M. Miranda et al., Amino acid permeases in developing seeds of Vicia faba L.: expression precedes storage protein synthesis and is regulated by amino acid supply, PLANT J, 28(1), 2001, pp. 61-71
Citations number
56
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
PLANT JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0960-7412 → ACNP
Volume
28
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
61 - 71
Database
ISI
SICI code
0960-7412(200110)28:1<61:AAPIDS>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Full length cDNAs encoding three amino acid permeases were isolated from se ed-specific libraries of Vicia faba. The predicted proteins VfAAP1, VfAAP3 and VfAAP4 share up to 66% identity among themselves. Functional characteri zation of VfAAP1 and VfAAP3 in a yeast mutant showed that these permeases t ransport a broad range of amino acids. However, VfAAP1 had a preference for cysteine and VfAAP3 for lysine and arginine. VfAAP1 was highly expressed i n cotyledons at early developmental stages and moderately in other sink tis sues. Its peak of expression in cotyledons corresponded to the appearance o f storage protein transcripts, suggesting that this transporter fulfills an important role in providing amino acids for storage protein biosynthesis. VfAAP3 was expressed most abundantly in maternal tissues, that is in roots, stems, gynoecia, pods and seed coats at different developmental stages. Vf AAP4 transcripts could not be detected by northern hybridization. In situ h ybridization showed that VfAAP1 mRNA is distributed throughout cotyledon st orage parenchyma cells, but could not be detected in the abaxial epidermal cell layer. It also accumulate in the chlorenchyma and thin-walled parenchy ma cells of seed coats. VfAAP1 mRNA levels were lower in cotyledons culture d in the presence of glutamine, whereas expression of a vicilin storage pro tein gene was up-regulated under similar conditions. Cysteine repressed the expression of the GUS reporter gene under control of the VfAAP1 promoter, suggesting that this transporter is modulated at the transcriptional level. Regulation of amino acid transport in relation to storage protein accumula tion is discussed.