The disease resistance signaling components EDS1 and PAD4 are essential regulators of the cell death pathway controlled by LSD1 in arabidopsis

Citation
C. Rusterucci et al., The disease resistance signaling components EDS1 and PAD4 are essential regulators of the cell death pathway controlled by LSD1 in arabidopsis, PL CELL, 13(10), 2001, pp. 2211-2224
Citations number
68
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
PLANT CELL
ISSN journal
1040-4651 → ACNP
Volume
13
Issue
10
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2211 - 2224
Database
ISI
SICI code
1040-4651(200110)13:10<2211:TDRSCE>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Specific recognition of pathogens is mediated by plant disease resistance ( R) genes and translated into a successful defense response. The extent of a ssociated hypersensitive cell death varies from none to an area encompassin g cells surrounding an infection site, depending on the R gene activated. W e constructed double mutants in Arabidopsis between positive regulators of R function and a negative regulator of cell death, LSD1, to address whether genes required for normal R function also regulate the runaway cell death observed in lsd1 mutants. We report here that EDS1 and PAD4, two signaling genes that mediate some but not all R responses, also are required for runa way cell death in the lsd1 mutant. Importantly, this novel function of EDS1 and PAD4 is operative when runaway cell death in lsd1 is initiated through an R gene that does not require EDS1 or PAD4 for disease resistance. NDR1, another component of R signaling, also contributes to the control of plant cell death. The roles of EDS1 and PAD4 in regulating lsd1 runaway cell dea th are related to the interpretation of reactive oxygen intermediate-derive d signals at infection sites. We further demonstrate that the fate of super oxide at infection sites is different from that observed at the leading mar gins of runaway cell death lesions in lsd1 mutants.