Diagnostic efficacy of tumor markers, sonography, and intraoperative frozen section for ovarian tumors

Citation
F. Wakahara et al., Diagnostic efficacy of tumor markers, sonography, and intraoperative frozen section for ovarian tumors, GYNECOL OBS, 52(3), 2001, pp. 147-152
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
da verificare
Journal title
GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION
ISSN journal
0378-7346 → ACNP
Volume
52
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
147 - 152
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-7346(2001)52:3<147:DEOTMS>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Using sonography, we classified the adnexal masses of 292 patients into 4 p atterns. Pattern A was benign cystic tumors; B was benign mixed tumors (cys ts with a smooth solid component); C was malignant mixed tumors (cysts with an irregular solid component or thickened septum), and D was solid tumors. We diagnosed tumors showing patterns A and B as benign, while patterns C a nd D represented tumors with low malignant potential or actual malignancy. The sensitivity and specificity of sonography was 82.2 and 82.1%, respectiv ely, and these values were superior to those for tumor markers (CA125, CA19 -9, CA72-4). Both the sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative frozen sections were the highest, showing that this is the most reliable examinati on. However, 15 of 191 patients undergoing frozen section were upgraded by the final pathological diagnosis. If sonography is performed by an experien ced gynecologic oncologist, this examination is more reliable than tumor ma rkers. However, intraoperative frozen section should still be performed dur ing surgery for patients with ovarian tumors. Copyright (C) 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.