CP violation in B meson decays

Citation
Mg. Green et Tr. Mcmahon, CP violation in B meson decays, CONT PHYS, 42(6), 2001, pp. 339-351
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Physics
Journal title
CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS
ISSN journal
0010-7514 → ACNP
Volume
42
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
339 - 351
Database
ISI
SICI code
0010-7514(200111/12)42:6<339:CVIBMD>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
The Universe exhibits a remarkable asymmetry without which we could not exi st: it contains large quantities of matter but almost no antimatter. Yet in the interactions of elementary particles at high energy as much antimatter as matter is produced. While it is clear that this asymmetry occurred in t he very early evolution of the Universe the mechanism is not understood. Ho wever one key element is the phenomenon of CP violation, which results in a small difference in the way in which particles and their antiparticles dec ay. CP violation was discovered in 1963 in the decays of K mesons and has b een investigated in detail since then in these decays. During the 1990s new projects were developed to extend these measurements to the decay of B mes ons. Two major projects, Belle at KEK in Japan and BABAR at SLAC in the USA , began operation in 1999 and reported first results in 2000. This paper re views the phenomenon of CP violation in the decays of elementary particles and demonstrates the basis for the measurements of CP violation parameters in B meson decays. A description is given of the BABAR detector together wi th an outline of the procedure for analysing the data. First results are co nsistent with predictions of the Standard Model of elementary particles but during the coming years additional data will provide more stringent tests that could reveal new phenomena.