Towards efficient pollution control in the Baltic Sea: An anatomy of current failure with suggestions for change

Citation
M. Ollikainen et J. Honkatukia, Towards efficient pollution control in the Baltic Sea: An anatomy of current failure with suggestions for change, AMBIO, 30(4-5), 2001, pp. 245-253
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology,"Environmental Engineering & Energy
Journal title
AMBIO
ISSN journal
0044-7447 → ACNP
Volume
30
Issue
4-5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
245 - 253
Database
ISI
SICI code
0044-7447(200108)30:4-5<245:TEPCIT>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
We study the Baltic Sea countries' declaration to reduce nutrient loads by 50% in each country in an ecological-economic model. The model consists of country-based abatement-cost functions, and transfer coefficients describin g how phosphorus and nitrogen flow from one country to another, as estimate d in a hydrological model of the Baltic Sea. We show that for nitrogen in p articular the overall abatement costs of the current policy are much higher and that the benefits are more uneven than under a cost-efficient policy. Consequently, one can expect that countries with high marginal abatement co sts have the least incentives to follow the agreement and to invest in nitr ogen abatement. This is also confirmed by our data. Therefore, we suggest a nd outline a joint implementation policy to promote cost efficiency and to increase incentives for investments.